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We are fighting for our lives, and in the most literal sense, for the lives of our children. Until now, we have been losing. The enemy's most deadly weapon is dope.
Unlike most wars, which force both combatants deeply into debt, in this undeclared war the offensive power becomes wealthier and wealthier, while the stupefied victim becomes impoverished.
There is not a parent, thinking over the destruction of a child, who really believes that drug abuse is a self-inflicted crime.
Americans, no matter what else they have learned to tolerate, believe that the advancement of the next generation is part of the way things should be.
If an entire generation of Americans is in jeopardy of being lost, then someone has done this to them. It is the same people against whom we fought the American Revolution, who set up the world opium trade a century and a half ago, and who run it today: Look into the motionless stupor of the mind of a youth who has been sapped and destroyed by addiction.
Incapable of reason, incapable of thought, today's addicted youth lives for only one thing: Over 48 million Americans, mostly between the ages of 12 and 25 are officially known by the Drug Enforcement Administration to be frequent users of heroin, cocaine, and marijuana.
Over one-fourth of the American people are severely wounded or dead in a war the country has not yet mobilized to fight. The Drug Enforcement Administration has released these statistics on drug use by Americans: Heroin , daily users other sources place this hardcore addict figure at between , and 1 million.
These figures do not include that portion of the population addicted to amphetamines, barbiturates, and hallucinogens. This figure alone according to recent reports from the National Institute of Drug Abuse constituted between 12 and 25 percent of all patients admitted to federally funded drug clinics during When calculated for only youth of high school age, the rate of amphetamine and barbiturate use was four times as great as that of the adult population.
Since the inauguration of Jimmy Carter, whole categories of drug abuse are no longer monitored. The computer system of the Drug Enforcement Administration has been shut down.
Behind that action is the grim fact that many of Mr. If such policies go through, statistics will be meaningless: The world's biggest business.
In the most important way, it is not. The flow of narcotics and dirty money is conducted in the full light of day, the same way rum-running was conducted during Prohibition.
Only misdirection prevents the public from understanding who the enemy is. Massive crimes are not hidden under cover of darkness, but under the cover of an effective lie.
The operative lie in this case is "Free Enterprise. When Meyer Lansky made his first heroin connection with Britain's dope-trading Keswick family in Shanghai in , the sale was legal and in the light of day; what the mob did with the heroin later was not the responsibility of Britain's Far East traders.
When the Bronfmans in Canada and the Jacobs family of Buffalo finance organized crime, is it anything more than a "free enterprise" business relationship?
The entire army of the enemy was built, and functions, under the open view of the public. In fact, the chain of interlocking "free enterprise" relationships that describes the flow of drugs and dirty money in and out of the United States only masks the type of conspiracies that Americans see not in pulp thrillers, but in nightmares.
We will trace them all back to their common "mother," the great aristocratic families of Britain. With this report, you will see your enemy as he is, behind the veils of misdirection, past the Hollywood parodies of organized crime.
The above graph of confiscations of marijuana by federal enforcement agencies provides only a rough barometer of the accelerated increase of marijuana smuggling into and use in the USA between and As is common knowledge, from to the present, marijuana use has gone up at a rate whose acceleration dwarfs that depicted above.
In the past year alone, "drug decriminalization" campaigning by British agents-of-influence in the White House, and governors and Congressmen in the hip-pockets of Edgar Bronfman and Meyer Lansky, has caused marijuana use to increase at an astronomical rate.
History of Britain's First Opium Wars. Introduction This is the setting for what follows below: One-fifth of the population abuses drugs, an epidemic surpassing any known since the Great Plagues.
Not only the poor, but the wealthy and the children of the wealthy have succumbed. Within the nation, organized crime displays its drug profits without shame, ruling local governments, and threatening the integrity even of national government.
None of their opponents is safe from assassins, not even the chief of state. Law enforcement is in shambles. The moral fiber of the nation has deteriorated past the danger point.
And one of the leading dope-traffickers writes to his superiors abroad, "As long as this country maintains its drug traffic, there is not the slightest possibility that it will ever become a military threat, since the habit saps the vitality of the nation.
An American President lies dead of an assassin's bullet. Corrupt members of the Cabinet cover the tracks leading to a conspiracy, including the leading narcotics mobs, ethnic-based secret societies, and a foreign government.
Was that the death of John F. It was also the death of Abraham Lincoln. During the last century, British finance protected by British guns controlled the world narcotics traffic.
The names of the families and institutions are known to the history student: Paging back over the records of the narcotics traffic and its wake of corruption and murder, the most uncanny feature of the opium-based Pax Britannica is how shamelessly, how publicly the dope-runners operated.
The poisoning of China, and later the post-Civil War United States, did not lead to prison but to peerages. Great sectors of the Far East became devoted to the growing of the opium poppy, to the exclusion of food crops, to the extent that scores of millions of people depended utterly on the growing, distribution and consumption of drugs.
By an uninterrupted chain of succession, the descendants of the Triads, the Mafia, and the Order of Zion still promote drug traffic, dirty money transfers, political corruption, and an Assassination Bureau even more awesome than the conspiracy that claimed Abraham Lincoln's life.
Of course, the drug revenues of this machine are no longer tallied in the published accounts of the British Exchequer. But the leading installations of the drug traffic are no more hidden than they were a hundred years ago.
Even the surnames of senior management are the same. Even today, the grand old names of Prohibition liquor and dope-running rouse the deep awareness of Americans: Are the denizens of the India opium trade, of the Prohibition mob, imprisoned in the history books and behind the movie screen?
Not infrequently, the observer feels a momentary lapse in time, and sees not a history book, but the morning newspaper, not the late-night movie, but the evening television newscast.
The story we have to tell happened twice. It first happened to China, and now it is happening to the United States. Emphasizing that neither the names nor the hangouts of the criminals have changed, we begin by telling how it happened the first time.
While the methods through which the British have conducted this Opium War policy have shifted over the intervening years, the commitment to the proliferation of mind-destroying drugs has been unswerving.
It was the British Crown's categorical opposition to and hatred for scientific and technological progress that led it to adopt an Opium War policy during the last decade of the 18th century.
The dual objective was to favorably alter the balance-of-payments deficit and to foster drug addiction among China's mandarin class.
By the time of the American Revolution, East India Company opium trafficking into China was officially reported to be at a scale 20 times the absolute limit of opium required for medical and related use.
East India Company intelligence operative Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations spelled out the colonial looting policy against which the Founding Fathers rebelled.
From to , official British figures placed the opium trade at approximately 5, chests per year. By the late s, a network of trading companies operating under overall East India Company "market control" was founded to facilitate the trade.
By , the number of chests of opium brought into China increased fourfold to 18, chests. In , the figure exceeded 30, chests. In financial terms, trade figures made available by both the British and Chinese governments showed that between , a total of 7 million silver dollars entered China, while 56 million silver dollars were sucked out by the soaring opium trade.
Lin launched a serious crackdown against the Triad gangs sponsored by the British trading companies to smuggle the drugs out of the "Factory" area into the pores of the communities.
The Triad Society , also known as the "Society of Heaven and Earth," was a century-old feudalist religious cult that had been suppressed by the Manchu Dynasty for its often violent opposition to the government's reform programs.
The Triad group in Canton was profiled and cultivated by Jesuit and Church of England missionaries and recruited into the East India Company's opium trade by the early 19th century.
Charles Elliot intervened to protect the drug smuggler with Her Majesty's fleet. And when Lin responded by laying siege to the factory warehouses holding the tea shipments about to sail for Britain until the merchants turned over their opium stockpiles, Elliot assured the British drug pushers that the Crown would take full responsibility for covering their losses.
The British Crown had its "casus belli. To a close observer, it would seem as if the whole of Elliot's career was expressly designed to lead on the Chinese to commit themselves, and produce a collision.
Matheson concluded the correspondence: Indeed, on October 13, , Palmerston sent a secret dispatch to Elliot in Canton informing him that an expeditionary force proceeding from India could be expected to reach Canton by March, Palmerston's second dispatch was, in fact, modeled on a memorandum authored by Jardine dated October 26, , in which the opium pusher demanded: The British fleet arrived in force and laid siege in June of While it encountered difficulties in Canton, its threat to the northern cities, particularly Nanking, forced the Emperor to terms.
Painfully aware that any prolonged conflict would merely strengthen Britain's bargaining position, he petitioned for a treaty ending the war.
When Elliot forwarded to Palmerston a draft Treaty of Chuenpi in , the Prime Minister rejected it out of hand, replying, "After all, our naval power is so strong that we can tell the Emperor what we mean to hold, rather than what he should say he would cede.
The First Opium War defined the proliferation of and profiteering from mind-destroying drugs as a cornerstone of British Imperial policy.
The rivalship of European manufactures is fast excluding our productions from the markets of Europe, and we must unremittingly endeavor to find in other parts of the world new vents for our industry i.
If we succeed in our China expedition, Abyssina, Arabia, the countries of the Indus and the new markets of China will at no distant period give us a most important extension to the range of our foreign commerce.
It is appropriate to conclude this summary profile of Britain's first Opium War by quoting from the 15th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, published in This concept was a radical challenge to the Chinese world order, which knew only an empire and subject peoples.
In a famous letter to Queen Victoria, written when he arrived in Canton, Lin asked if she would allow the importation of such a poisonous substance into her own country, and requested her to forbid her subjects to bring it into his.
Lin relied on aggressive moral tone; meanwhile proceeding relentlessly against British erchants, in a manner that could only insult their overnment.
Not a dozen years would pass from the signing of the Treaty of Nanking before the British Crown would precipitate its second Opium War offensive against China, with similar disastrous consequences for the Chinese and with similar monumental profits for London's drug-pushers.
Furthermore, with the joint British-French siege of Peking during October , the British completed the process of opening up all of China.
Lord Palmerston , the High Priest of the Scottish Rites, had returned to the Prime Ministership in June to launch the second war and thereby fulfill the "open China" policy he had outlined 20 years earlier.
Just prior to his ordering of a northern campaign against Peking which permitted the British to maintain uninterrupted opium trafficking even while a state of war was underway , Lord Palmerston wrote to his close collaborator Foreign Secretary Lord John Russell grandfather and guardian of the evil Lord Bertrand Russell.
The expeditionary fleet, acting on orders to seize the forts, had run aground in the mud-bogged harbor and several hundred sailors attempting to wade to shore through the mud were either killed or captured.
Following Palmerston's lead, The Times of London let loose a bloodcurdling propaganda campaign: England, with France, or England without France if necessary.
In October the joint British-French expeditionary force laid siege to Peking. The city fell within a day with almost no resistance.
Within four years of the signing of the Treaty of Tientsin October 25, , Britain was in control of seven eighths of the vastly expanded trade into China.
The massive expansion of cotton exporting was undertaken with full knowledge that U. The Sutherland family, which was one of the largest slave and cotton traders in the South, were first cousins of the Matheson family of Jardine Matheson.
In the case of the U. Civil War, the British opium traffickers bet on the loser. By the mids, cotton goods from the southern United States were back on the international markets, triggering waves of bankruptcies among London speculators who bet on dramatic inflation in the prices of Indian and Egyptian cotton.
As in the period immediately following Britain's loss of its American colonies during , the oligarchy turned to an expanded opium traffic to paste over the losses.
Almost simultaneously, the Matheson family founded Rio Tinto now Rio Tinto Zinc , a tin mining venture in Spain which soon began shipping these ores as a method of payment for the opium.
Who founded the Hong Kong and Shanghai Corporation? The following points summarize British Opium War policy against China through the 19th century: Open sponsorship of mass-scale opium addiction of targeted colonial and neocolonial populations by the British Crown Willingness of Her Majesty's government to deploy military force up to and including full-scale conventional warfare in support of the opium trade Build-up of an allied terrorist and organized criminal infra- structure employing revenues gained from opium trade and related black market activities Protecting the opium market.
Even through the early decades of the present century, Britain retained an open diplomatic posture on behalf of unrestricted drug profiteering.
In , an international conference on the narcotics problem was held at The Hague. The conference participants agreed to regulate the narcotics trade, with the goal in mind of eventual total suppression.
The success of the Hague Convention, as it was called, depended on strict enforcement of the earlier Anglo- Chinese agreement of Under that agreement, the Chinese were to reduce domestic opium production, while the British were to reduce their exports to China from British India correspondingly.
The Chinese, who had subscribed enthusiastically to both the and protocols, soon discovered that the British were completely evading both by sending their opium to their extra- territorial bases, Hong Kong and Shanghai.
Opium dens in the Shanghai International Settlement jumped from 87 licensed dens in at the time of the Hague Convention to dens in !
If anything, British profiteering from the opium trade jumped as the result of the reversion to a totally black-market production-distribution cycle.
Ironically, the legalization of the opium trade into China forced upon the Emperor through the Opium Wars had cut into British profits on the drug.
Legalization had brought with it the requirement that the British opium merchants pay import duties, an overhead they did not have to absorb when the drug trade was illegal.
In yet another act of contempt for the Hague Convention, Britain issued a major new loan to Persia in The collateral on that loan was Persia's opium revenues.
During this period, Her Majesty's opium trafficking was so widely known that even the Anglophile U. The British claimed only negligible shipments, all earmarked for medical use, during the period; while the Japanese figures showed a thriving British traffic.
When confronted with this discrepancy as prima facie evidence of large-scale British black market smuggling of opium into Japan, the British delegate argued that such black marketeering merely proved the case for creating a government owned opium monopoly.
In India as well, official Crown policy centered on protection for the opium market. According to one recently published account, when Gandhi began agitating against opium in In , the British-run opium black market represented such a seriously perceived international problem that Representative Stephen Porter , Chairman of the U.
House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, introduced and passed a bill through Congress calling for country-by-country production and import quotas to be set on opium that would reduce consumption to approximately 10 percent of then-current levels.
The 10 percent figure represented generally accepted levels of necessary medical consumption. The British delegate drafted an amendment to Porter's plan which called for increased quotas to account for "legitimate opium consumption" beyond the medical usage.
This referred to the massive addict population in British colonies and spheres of influence predominantly in Asia where no regulations restricted opium use.
Narcotics traffic was the business of organized crime during the 19th century no less than in the 20th, and Britain's Opium War cabinet spun out a web of criminal connections that crisscrossed the globe.
Prime Minister Palmerston conducted, the opium business behind a screen of respectability, in full public view. It does not surprise the modern student that the perpetrators of the narcotics traffic show up in every element of the dirty side of 19th century politics, including presidential assassinations.
But the extent of the web of criminal networks put in place by Palmerston could have come out of a Gothic horror story, American counterintelligence specialists of the time, such as Edgar Allan Poe and Samuel Morse 1 , knew the problem well.
Palmerston's irregulars, employed in illegal dope trafficking, assassinations, and "Fifth Column" subversions against the United States in the period before and during the Civil War, are the linear ancestors of what is now called organized crime.
Closest to hand among Palmerston's agencies was the Order of Zion, a highly specialized dirty tricks operation founded by London-based Hofjuden "Court Jew" families, whose close ties to the British oligarchy traced back to the founding of the Bank of England, and before that to an alliance with the piratical financiers of post-Renaissance Genoa.
The names of these families will appear and re-appear throughout this report, including the Mocattas and Goldsmids , gold dealers in London before even the Bank of England was there, now the operators of one of the world's most sophisticated money-laundering devices; the Montefiores , now central figures in the modern Most Venerable Order of St.
John of Jerusalem ; and the de Hirsch family, whose tightly controlled colonization program for Jews in Canada brought the present leaders of organized crime to the New World.
Control over the Order of Zion rested in the British Board of Deputies, founded in and still in action. One of the board's earliest presidents was Sir Moses Montefiore , described in contemporary accounts as "Queen Victoria's favorite Jew.
Through the efforts of Montefiore, later Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli the Earl of Beaconsfield , and the then nouveau riche Rothschilds, the Order of Zion nursed into being the leadership of the Confederacy.
B'nai B'rith's first headquarters were at Grand Street in Manhattan, at the house of Joseph Seligman , the wealthy "dry goods" merchant.
B'nai B'rith was a straightforward covert intelligence front for the Montefiores and Rothschilds.
Its American house organ, the Menorah , could not disguise its relationship to the Rothschilds. It chose to flaunt it: The Rothschilds in France occupy a social position even higher than that of the English branch of the family.
Benjamin , a British subject and leader of the B'nai B'rith, whose amazing career included a brief term as Confederate Secretary of War and then Secretary of State, during the closing phases of the Civil War.
Are they afraid to embarrass the now politically powerful B'nai B'rith? The B'nai B'rith and its Confederate opposite numbers, the Knights of the Golden Circle and the Ku Klux Klan, were only three of the many parallel operations that Palmerston brought to life during the s.
In Britain, future Prime Minister Disraeli, the man who evaded debtors' prison through the help of the House of Rothschild, launched the "Young Englanders.
Not much different from the Red Brigades of Italy or the Baader-Meinhof terrorists of Germany today, the Scottish Rite's rainbow gathering of secret societies took money from the narcotics traffic and orders from Lord Palmerston.
What must be judged, in the long run, as the most deadly of these organizations was organized on an international footing at the same time that B'nai B'rith appeared in the United States.
Disraeli, Moses Montefiore, and other leading British Hofjuden founded a new masonic-style order called, in the original French, the " Alliance Universelle Israelite.
In France, for example, the head of both organizations was the same individual, Adolphe Isaac Cremieux. Benjamin was the individual who gave the order for Lincoln's assassination, according to the one authoritative historical document in the public domain, the report of the Judge Advocate assigned to investigate the assassination and report to the Military Commission responsible.
At the time, the headquarters of this outfit, called the Secret Cabinet, were housed in St. Sandis as the group's money mover; Sandis was an American citizen, formerly an advisor to Democratic presidential candidate Stephen Douglas, and Consul of the United States in Liverpool under the Pierce Administration.
Neither Thompson nor Benjamin was ever apprehended; both fled to England and remained there under the Crown's protection. The relevant raw documentary is not available to researchers.
The documents relating to the Lincoln assassination are still locked up in the archives of the Defense Department.
Jefferson Davis, who lived comfortably in Montreal after the collapse of the Confederacy, kept his papers in the Bank of Montreal, the same bank that conduited the funds for the assassination itself.
If they are still in the vaults of the Bank of Montreal, the bank has not acknowledged this. If the leads developed in New Orleans District Attorney Garrison's investigation of the Kennedy assassination were accurate, the two murders were the work of the same operation.
All that is necessary is to cross out the names "Secret Cabinet" and "Judah Benjamin," and write in: From what remains of the official record, there is no question that the death of Abraham Lincoln was traced to British-controlled and British-funded networks by American military intelligence.
It must be underscored that much more than the central figure of Lord Palmerston brought these networks into the mainline of the narcotics traffic.
Southern cotton, for which the British verged on invading the United States during the Civil War 20 , was not merely a facet of the same trading operation that produced the dope trade; for all purposes, it was the dope trade.
Opium was the final stage in the demand cycle for British-financed and slave-produced cotton. British firms brought cotton to Liverpool.
From there, it was spun and worked up into cloth in mills in the north of England, employing unskilled child and female labor at extremely low wages.
The finished cotton goods were then exported to India, in a process that destroyed the existing cloth industry, causing widespread privation.
India paid for its imported cloth and railway cars to carry the cloth, and other British goods with the proceeds of Bengali opium exports to China.
Without the "final demand" of Chinese opium sales, the entire world structure of British trade would have collapsed.
Palmerston's above-cited remark concerning the future of British trade in opium-consuming China and other parts of the East was, in fact, a matter of hard contingency.
Britain's new instrument of subversion in the United States was controlled elements of Italian and Chinese immigration, combined with the Order of Zion entity that had been in place since By the turn of the century, the different ethnic networks became so intertwined that, for generic purposes, the name "organized crime" applies to all of them.
The implantation of the ethnic secret societies into the United States is a complex story, but may be centered accurately in a few case histories.
Bronfman's story begins, in fact, in Romania, where the Order of Zion secret organization achieved its first major victory, a coup d'etat that brought King Charles of Romania to the throne in In the years following the Civil War, the Order of Zion merged with the much older Cult of Mizraem , a centuries-old covert organization that dated back to the days of Genoese and Hapsburg intrigue and assassination.
The Elders of Zion. Romania became, in consequence, a nesting place for the most lurid form of Central European covert operations until the Second World War.
The character of the political machine the Order of Zion installed in that country is perhaps best illustrated by the strong support Order of Zion elements gave to the Romanian Green Shirt Nazis, who seized power in Hitler's wake during the s.
A secret meeting in Paris in yielded the famous minutes of the Order, published under the title, Protocols of the Elders of Zion. The minutes were intercepted and published by the Russian counterintelligence service, the Okhrana.
Probably, the decision to publish the captured minutes involved retaliation against the Order of Zion's role in fomenting a sweeping destabilization against the government of Russian Prime Minister Count Witte, whose government fell during the so-called Revolution.
Witte had sought an alliance with Germany and France against Britain on a program that included the industrial development of Russia.
The question of the authenticity of the Protocols has been a matter of fierce, even hysterical dispute. The question may be settled with dispatch by a textual comparison between the oaths of the Order of Zion printed in the Protocols , and the blood-curdling oaths sworn by initiates into the fourth Grade of the Knights of Columbus of Mexico, which maintains close ties to the Jesuits and to the Order of St.
John of Jerusalem, which reads in part as follows: I promise and declare that I will, when the opportunity presents itself to me, wage war without quarter, secretly or openly, against all the heretics, Protestant and Mason, such as I may be ordered to do, in order to extirpate them from the face of earth, and I will not take into account either age, sex or station, and I will hang, burn, strangle and bury alive those infamous heretics: I will cut open the stomachs and wombs of their women and smash the heads of the babies against the rocks and walls, in order to annihilate the execrable race; that when this cannot be done openly, I will secretly employ the poison cut, strangulation, the sword, dagger or bullet, without consideration for the honor, rank, dignity or authority of the persons, whatever their status in public or private life may be, such as I may be ordered at any time.
If I manifest falsity or weakness in my determination, I consent that my brothers and comrade soldiers in the army of the Pope may cut off my hands, my feet and slit my throat from ear to ear.
I promise to execute and fulfill this oath, in testimony whereof, I take this sacred sacrament of the Eucharist and affirm it even with my name written with the point of this dagger, drenched in my own blood and sealed in the presence of this holy sacrament.
Romania's Order of Zion stronghold produced, among other criminal elements, one Yechiel Bronfman , who emigrated to Canada in The circumstances of Bronfman's emigration are noteworthy.
De Hirsch political screening of new immigrants was so precise that a significant number of new arrivals were sent back without funds, for unreliability.
The important features of the arrival of the Italian "Mafia" in the United States are inseparable from the story of the Order of Zion.
Mazzini , the sponsor of the Mafia in Italy, reported directly to the most prominent of Britain's Hofjuden, Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli , and received funding from the leading British Hofjuden bankers, Rothschild and Montefiore.
Correspondingly, when Mazzini sent his lieutenants into the United States, the veterans of the "Young Italy" movement moved into channels already carved out by the likes of ex-General Pike and B'nai B'rith.
The combination of Hofjuden-controlled crime networks and the Mafia provided the framework for organized crime on a big-business scale. The first arrivals of the Italian-speaking mob followed the tracks of the original "dry goods" merchants who figured so prominently in the B'nai B'rith, the grandfathers and fathers of the Our Crowd banking group in New York City.
New Orleans, the first base of the Lehmans and Lazards in the United States, also became the receiving station for the Mazzini networks.
Most important, the first recorded evidence of organized Mafioso activity in the United States identifies the Mazzini networks with General Pike's guerrilla war against the "Reconstruction'' South.
Nothing depicts this arrangement better than the stories of the first New Orleans godfathers, Joseph Macheca and Charles Matrenga.
The first of the Mazzini networks drifted in before and during the Civil War. A member who was properly sponsored could be transferred from one city to another, from one family to another.
By contemporary accounts, the activities of the Macheca gang were indistinguishable from those of the Klan. Seymour's funding and political direction came from August Belmont, the Rothschilds' official business agent in the United States.
The campaign, such as it was, was described as follows in the New Orleans Picayune: This popular and pleasant-mannered gentleman Macheca organized and commanded a company of Sicilians, strong, known as the Innocents.
They wore sidearms and when they marched the streets they shot at every Negro that came in sight.
They left a trail of a dozen dead Negroes behind them. Steadman, managing the Seymour campaign, forbade them from making further parades and they were disbanded.
One historian of the Mafia notes,. Belmont's presidential candidate ran on a program drafted at the Seligman and associated Our Crowd banking houses in New York: Pike, Macheca, and their paramilitary irregulars unleashed a wave of violence across the South that buried Lincoln's Reconstruction policy not many years after the President himself.
The historical record shows that Macheca's group in New Orleans, which started out by shooting blacks for the copperhead Our Crowd banks in New York, had proved its mettle by the early s.
It became the jumping-off point for the organization of the mob throughout the United States. Macheca provided a base for Mazzini's syndicate organizer of the first years of the Mafia, Giuseppe Esposito.
A close Mazzini associate, Esposito fled Sicily in the early s, arriving in New Orleans to make contact with Macheca.
Esposito traveled through the United States, pulling together Italian-speaking secret societies and establishing inter-city communications where none had existed before.
From Esposito's tour onwards, the Sicilian-speaking secret societies became crime syndicates. Mazzini's representative on the scene had absolute authority over the local godfathers, even over the leader of the New Orleans base organization.
Macheca's "Mafia leadership was eclipsed briefly," according to one historian, "from to , when he temporarily deferred to Giuseppi Esposito.
Macheca's death left a deep impression on the syndicates; possibly this is the point where the mob decided to "go legit," its strategy ever since.
In order to do so, the Matrenga gang turned back to the Hofjuden. The vehicle for the New Orleans mob's conversion to "legitimate business" in was another Romanian Jew, an immigrant from the Romanian province of Bessarabia, whence Yechiel Bronfman had migrated to Canada some ten years earlier.
The new immigrant, one Samuel Zemurray , obtained financing from a group of Boston and New York Our Crowd banks, and bought out a portion of the Macheca gang's shipping interests.
A historian comments, "Joe Macheca's shipping line merged with four others to form the great United Fruit Company, which remains one of the largest of all U.
Nonetheless, the Sicilian mob was remembered with nostalgia. When Charles Matrenga died in , the entire board of United Fruit turned out for the funeral.
The Bronfmans, we will document later, founded and bankrolled the modern-day Murder Incorporated , Permindex , the firm that police agencies in the United States and Europe have suspected of organizing the murders of John F.
As old Charles Matrenga withdrew into a "legitimate" back-ground, the day-to-day operations of the New Orleans mob fell into the hands of Sylvestro Carolla, who, in turn, passed the godfather's mantel onto Carlos Marcello in the early s.
And, according to sources in the Drug Enforcement Administration , 20 percent of cocaine smuggled into the United States arrives on the ships of United Brands.
Opium and morphine, in the early days of the mob, were not illegal drugs; heroin only came into circulation at the turn of the century and was not made illegal as a prescription drug until But the British dope-runners had a direct hand in the infiltration of narcotics into the United States, through the third wave of crime-tainted immigration, from China.
Not coincidentally, the first large-scale importing of opium into the United States commenced with the "coolie trade," referred to by its British Hong Kong and Shanghai sponsors as the "pig trade.
In alone, , coolies were brought into the country, feeding an opium trade estimated at nearly , pounds of gum opium and over 53, pounds of prepared smoking opium.
Often these Chinese "indentureds" would put their entire earnings toward bringing their families over to the U.
This traffic in Chinese immigrants represented one of the earliest channels of opium into the country, and laid the foundations for the later mass-scale drug trade out of the Chinatowns developed in San Francisco, Vancouver, and other West Coast cities during this period.
The British firms misrepresented the morphine as a "non-addictive" pain killer and even had the audacity to push it as a cure for opium addiction.
The British Brahmins in the U. The nature of the London-centered cycle of international trade from cotton to opium further cultivated a group of British financial allies in the United States.
Some of these allies are comprador trading families whose activities span the entire period from the inception of the opium traffic through to the Second World War.
Most important among these groups is the Astor family dynasty, whose founder, John Jacob Astor made his fortune in Chinese opium sales. One of his biographers reports,.
Since according to Dr. Kenneth Scott Latourette , quicksilver and opium did not become regular articles of import into China by Americans till about , Astor must have been one of the pioneers of their introduction.
Leveraged into investments in Manhattan real estate, John Jacob Astor's opium earnings formed the basis of one of America's largest family fortunes.
Participation in the China opium trade, a de facto monopoly of the East India Company at the time Astor took part in the traffic, was a privilege extended only to Americans the East India Company thought deserving.
Other American firms active in the Canton trade did not touch opium. Astor provided funds for the escape of his attorney Aaron Burr after Burr murdered Alexander Hamilton; at the time, Burr was a British intelligence agent.
Burr's control, and the man to whom he fled after the murder of Hamilton, was East India Company employee Jeremy Bentham. The leading British merchant bank Baring Brothers, which remodeled the old East India Company as an instrument for the opium traffic after William Pitt's installation as British Prime Minister in , acquired a group of business partners and brothers-in-law in Quaker Philadelphia.
The family the Barings married into was William Bingham's, reportedly the richest in the United States at the turn of the nineteenth century.
Barings were prominent throughout the first years of the China traffic, founded the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank in , and retained their family seat on its directing "London Committee" as of the HongShang's annual report.
One historian describes how closely the Bingham group aped the British oligarchy: Bingham was a most enthusiastic admirer of the British financial system which he desired to see copied in America.
Immense wealth enabled the Binghams to import fashions, and copy the Duke of Manchester's residence in Philadelphia. The Binghams finally achieved their ambitions by uniting two daughters to foreign aristocrats: Another Philadelphia family that united itself with Baring Brothers was that of millionaire Stephen Girard , 43 whose interests survived under the family name, in Philadelphia's multibillion dollar Girard Bank and Trust.
Several of the old "Boston Brahmin" families, however, made it into the mainstream of the 19th century opium traffic, alongside the well-remembered British names of Jardine , Matheson , Sassoon , Japhet , and Dent.
The Perkins and Forbes families achieved notoriety in the traffic after the East India Company's monopoly expired in , and after the Astors had ceased to be an important factor.
William Hathaway Forbes became so prominent an associate of the British trading companies that he joined the board of directors of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank in , two years after its founding.
Hathaways, Perkins, and Forbes operated through a joint outlet, Russell and Company, formed around the Perkins family shipping empire, a "business reaching from Rio to Canton.
The China clippers of Russell and Company made not only Perkins's fortune, but most of the city of Boston's. Baring Brothers , the premier merchant bank of the opium traffic from to the present day, also maintained close contact with the Boston families.
John Murray Forbes was U. Morgan and Perkins, among other things, provided the major endowments for Harvard University. Exemplary is the case of Morgan partner Willard Straight , who spent the years in China as assistant to the notorious Sir Robert Hart, chief of the Imperial Chinese Customs Service, and hence the leading British official in charge of conducting opium traffic.
Afterwards he became head of Morgan bank's Far Eastern operations. What makes them especially interesting is the intricate trail that leads investigators of present-day drug financing back to the same American families and American banks.
In Part III, we will blow the cover of Philadelphia's old "Main Line" Quaker families, whose present generation controls not only the leading supply of illicit amphetamines in the United States, but funds a whole array of street-level drug- trafficking operations as well.
Morgan's case deserves special scrutiny from American police and regulatory agencies, for the intimate associations of Morgan Guaranty Trust with the identified leadership of the British dope banks see Part II, Section 7.
Jardine Matheson's current chairman David Newbigging , the most powerful man today in Hong Kong, is a member of Morgan's international advisory board.
The chairman of Morgan et Cie. But perhaps the most devastating example of continuity among the corrupted American families involves the descendants of old John Jacob Astor.
The old Boston families who made their fortunes on the narcotics traffic were the ones whom old Joseph Kennedy strove to imitate when he obtained his British liquor delivery contacts during Prohibition, and the same ones who staffed his son's Administration.
First, the Royal Institute of International Affairs was founded. The purpose of this institution had been set forth over 40 years before in the last will and testament of empire-builder Cecil Rhodes.
Rhodes had called for the formation of a "secret society" that would oversee the reestablishment of a British empire that would incorporate most of the developing world and recapture the United States see Part II, Section 7.
Toward this objective, Rhodes's circle, including Rudyard Kipling, Lord Milner, and a group of Oxford College graduates known as "Milner's Kindergarten," constituted the Round Table at the turn of the 20th century.
In , the same grouping founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs as the central planning and recruitment agency for Britain's "one world empire.
Americans knew it as Prohibition. Prohibition brought the narcotics traffic, the narcotics traffickers, and large-scale organized crime into the United States.
Illegal alcohol and illegal narcotics made up two different product lines of the same multinational firm.
The British, through their distilleries in Scotland and Canada, and the British, from their opium refineries in Shanghai and Hong Kong, were the suppliers.
The British, through their banks in Canada and the Caribbean, were the financiers. Through their political conduits in the United States, the British created the set of political conditions under which the United States might be won back by means other than the failed Balkanization plan of the Civil War period.
Against the outcry of the League of Nations and virtually all the civilized world, the British stubbornly fought to maintain opium production in the Far East, expanding the illegal supply of heroin, just as the drug went out of legal circulation in America in In interviews with the authors, Drug Enforcement Administration officials have emphasized the similarity of the alcohol and narcotics modus operandi.
When the agents of Arnold Rothstein and Meyer Lansky made their first trips to the Far East in the s, they purchased heroin from the British with full legality.
What the American gangsters did with the drug was their own business; the British opium merchants were merely engaging in "free enterprise. The identical explanation was offered by an official of the British Bank of the Middle East, which now services the Far East drug traffic through a smugglers' market in gold bullion in Dubai, on the Persian Gulf.
The greater the extent of intergang blood-shed, the less obvious their role would be. In fact, the British distillers could provoke such events at will by withholding needed inventory of bootleg alcohol.
He became a senior partner in the investment house of Kuhn Loeb immediately on demobilization. It is a fraud of the highest order that Prohibition represented a mass social protest against the "evils" of alcohol.
Like the environmentalist movement and other present day anti-progress cults, the Women's Christian Temperance Union WCTU and its Anti-Saloon League offshoots were a small, well-financed and highly organized circle that enjoyed the financial backing of the Astors, the Vanderbilts, the Warburgs, and the Rockefellers.
Rockefeller I was hood- winked by Lord Beaverbrook colleague and former Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King into not only bankrolling the WCTU, but providing it with the services of the foundation's entire staff of private investigators.
It was run by Jane Addams , who studied the Fabian Society's London settlement house Toynbee Hall experiment and came to the United States to launch a parallel project which later produced the University of Chicago.
Oberlin College was founded by British "Christian missionaries" in the decades leading up to the Civil War. Like the ancient anti-Christian Manichean cult, Oberlin was organized around the principle that the material world was wholly evil; all students i.
From Oberlin's student body some of the most violent radical abolitionist terrorists were recruited, trained and deployed and safe housed during the Civil War.
Many of these women were drawn from the Manichean cult at Oberlin. These three British cults agitated nationally for Prohibition. While the WCTU and Anti-Saloon League staged well-publicized and frequently violent raids against saloons, the more sophisticated Fabian Settlement House social workers of Jane Addams used the unique conjuncture of the recently passed Seventeenth Amendment certifying women's voting rights in national elections and the concentration of much of the adult male population on the war effort to vote up the Eighteenth Amendment making Prohibition the law of the land.
The Amendment was fully ratified by ; however, the Volstead Act that defined the federal enforcement procedures was not scheduled for implementation until January 6, The three-year lead time was critical for the establishment of a tightly organized crime syndicate, which was being organized out of Canada and Our Crowd banking circles in New York: In Canada, a brief Prohibition period was principally enacted by order of Her Majesty's Privy Council to create the financial reserves and bootlegging circuit for the U.
In this period Canada's Hofjuden Bronfman family established the local mob contacts in the U. Louis in the 12 months leading up to the Volstead enforcement.
One such Brooklyn recruit was Al Capone. The British oligarchy did much more than supply the gutter elements of the crime syndicates with their stock in trade.
To a surprising extent, the Anglophile portion of America's upper crust joined the fun. The case of Joseph Kennedy , who owed his British contracts for liquor wholesaling to the Duke of Devonshire , and later married his daughter into the family, is notorious see Part III.
In some respects more revealing is the strange case of Robert Maynard Hutchins, the President of the University of Chicago from to John of Jerusalem, swearing an oath of chivalric fealty to the head of the order, the British monarch.
Under the guise of "social studies research," several well-known University of Chicago postgraduate students received their apprenticeships in the service of the Capone gang: Alinsky, in fact, used the organizational model of the Capone Mob to build up a criminal youth gang infrastructure in Chicago during the early s that assumed street-level control over drug trafficking and related criminal operations run 30 years earlier through the Capone gang.
When the Our Crowd sponsors of Capone's initial deployment to Chicago determined at the close of Prohibition that a more "civilized" cutout was desired, Alinsky was the channel for bringing Frank Nitti into the Mob.
Furthermore, Hutchins was simultaneously the president of a little-known Nevada foundation called the Albert Parvin Foundation which several congressional committees investigating organized crime cited as a front for Las Vegas gambling receipts.
Mounting the drug invasion. The United States' fourteen-year experiment in Prohibition accomplished precisely what its British framers had intended.
Ralph Salerno , an internationally recognized authority and historian on organized crime, a law enforcement consultant and former member of the New York City Police Department's intelligence division, succinctly summarized the effect of Britain's Prohibition gameplan in his book, The Crime Confederation: Prohibition helped foster organized crime in several ways.
It was the first source of real big money. Until that time, prostitution, gambling, extortion and other activities had not generated much capital even on their largest scale.
But illegal liquor was a multibillion dollar industry. It furnished the money that the organization later used to expand into other illegal activities and to penetrate legitimate business.
Prohibition also opened the way to corruption of politicians and policemen on a large scale. It began the syndicate connection with politics and it demoralized some law enforcement groups to the point where they have never really recovered.
The manufacture and distribution of illegal liquor here and the importation of foreign-made liquor gave the men who were organizing crime experience in the administration and control of multibillion dollar world businesses with thousands of employees and long payrolls.
Men who had never before managed anything bigger than a family farm or a local gang got on-the-job training that turned them into leaders developing executive qualities.
Mass evasion of the Volstead Act also put the average citizen in touch with criminals, resulting in tolerance and eventually admiration and even romantic approval of them.
It permanently undermined respect for the law and for the people enforcing it. Ever since Prohibition the man in the street has accepted the idea that cops can be bought.
The combined revenues of the illicit whiskey and drug trade during Prohibition had constituted a multibillion dollar black market booty.
While families like the Kennedys and Bronfmans "made out like bandits" in the early s transition to "legitimate" liquor trade, the overall financial structure for maintaining an organized crime infrastructure demanded diversification into other areas of black market activity only marginally developed previously.
In the interim, the Our Crowd-British crime syndicate turned to casino gambling and associated enterprises as the immediate area for expansion.
The Lansky syndicate took the opportunity of Nevada's passage of specific regulations legalizing casino operations to turn that no-man's-land into a desert resort to house all the West Coast criminal operations that had previously been run on pleasure boats 12 miles off the coast of Hollywood.
Lansky also moved into the Caribbean, preparing the way for the British offshore complex of unregulated banking. Nixon's war on drugs. It is not widely known that President Nixon was a casualty in the war against Britain's drug invasion of the United States.
By Nixon became profoundly aware that the proliferation of drug abuse among the nation's youth had become a problem of such monumental significance that all his efforts to institute a long-range program of peace-through-development would be meaningless unless combined with a ruthless crackdown on the poison that threatened to wreck the nation's future leadership and its productive sector.
At the same time that Nixon generically understood the top-down nature of the problem, he and his assistants scarcely understood that by going after the drug infrastructure they were taking on the entire British oligarchy and the entire underpinnings of the Eurodollar market and the People's Republic of China.
Had Nixon understood the drug problem as a London-Peking problem, he would have perhaps been better prepared to deal with the "inside-outside" attack against his Presidency.
Harvest Books, , p. Richard Morris, The Peacemakers: Beeching, Chinese Opium Wars, p. In addition to the Chinese Hong merchants who collaborated with the British opium houses and the run-of-the-mill pirates and river rats that the British recruited into their service as the "eyes and ears" in Canton and the interior, the Hakkas, a people living in the southern province of Kwangsi who were under the strong influence of the Heaven and Earth Society Triads were particularly important to the British operations.
The Hakkas were used by both the British and their Triad allies as a grassroots bludgeon against the Emperor. He was in a trance for 40 days in which he was supposedly born again and then, using a translation of the King James Bible, he created a new religion based on the notion of "The Chosen People.
Hung served as the "prophet," and a Hakkas Triad member, Yang Hsin-Ch'ing, served as the recruiter and military commander of the movement.
Even though her character really isn't that significant it still spices up things. And watching her dance in a bikini is also of course never a bad thing.
The story is too simple and predictable from start till finish, although the premise itself is certainly amusing. Having a bunch of amateur criminals planning a major heist sounds like pretty good comical material but yet the movie in the end does very little with its fine potential and premise.
The movie falls flat as a fun comedy but thanks to its characters, which are obviously not to take very serious and a couple of good sequences, the movie still remains an amusing one that might not entertaining constantly but also certainly does not bore.
The acting is really below par, even though the movie has some 'big' names in it. Robert Wagner is terrible as the tough talking guy and wannabe leader of the group.
The movie also feature Edward G. Robinson, who was quite a big name in the business in the '40's. He's good enough in his role but his role is too restrained and limited to make a big impression.
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